Kuchishowa A system of saying taiko beats using our mouths (ex. DON DON kara kara) also known as kuchishoga
Ji A phrase or rhythm, occasionally the base beat of a song
Ura The back beat of a song, may be composed of several ji or patterns
Omote The main rhythm/part of a song
Uchi Hit, as in drum hit
Kata Stance/movement
Ma The space between two beats
“Somewhat equivalent to a rest in Western notation, but with a deeper connotation than mere absence of sound.  Ma is just as important as the notes that surround it, giving shape and contrast to the sounds that we hear.”
Soroiuchi The A/B section of Miyake
Bayashi From Sho-bayashi and Yatai-bayashi, means “ensemble or musical accompaniment”


The shime solo in Yatai, literally means “ball toss”


Yoroshiku onegaishimasu

Greeting at start of class

Arigatou gozaimashita

Thank you very much (greeting at end of class)


Begin (said at start of meditation)


Get into ready stance (said before starting to play)

Ichi ni se no / Se no

1 2 ready go / ready go (said to count you in right before playing)

Tenka Shoufuku Sokusai Enmei

The Shinto ritual prayer said in Osuwa, roughly means turning bad experiences into good in order to enjoy a long, happy life

Hiryu Sandan Gaeshi

The real name of Osuwa, said during the song.  Means “the dragon god descends 3 times”

Drum Positions

Beta Upright/vertical, like in Osuwa
Naname Diagonal/slant, like in Shobayashi


Horizontal/sideways, like in Miyake


Ichi 1
Ni 2
San 3
Shi 4
Go 5
Roku 6
Shichi 7
Hachi 8
Kyuu 9




Nagado-daiko Another name for chu-daiko
Atarigane A hand gong, also known as chan-chiki or kane